Dubai is the most populous city in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the Emirate capital of Dubai. Founded in the 18th century as a small fishing town, the city grew rapidly in the early 21st century and became a major city with a focus on tourism and tourism. Dubai is one of the world’s most popular tourist destinations with the second five-star hotels in the world, and the world’s tallest building, Burj Khalifa.
Located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf coast, Dubai aims to be a Western Asian business hub. It is also a major international transportation hub for passengers and goods. Oil revenues have helped accelerate the development of the city, which was already a major war zone. The center of regional and international trade since the beginning of the 20th century, Dubai’s economy relied on revenue from trade, tourism, aviation, housing and financial services. Oil production contributed less than one percent of the emirate’s GDP in 2018. According to government data, the population of Dubai is estimated at 3,400,800 as of 8 September 2020.
The history of human settlements in the area now described by the United Arab Emirates is rich and complex, and points to broad trade links between the civilization of the Indus Valley and Mesopotamia, but also to as far away as the Levant. Archaeological finds in the Dubai area, especially in Al-Ashoosh, Al Sufouh and a very rich trove from the Saruq Al Hadid show settlement during the Ubaid and Hafit periods, the Umm Al Nar and Wadi Suq periods and three periods of -Iron Ages in the UAE. This area was known to the Sumerians as Magan, and it was a source of iron ore, especially copper and bronze.
The area was covered with sand about 5,000 years ago as the coast shifted inland, becoming part of the sea now. Pre-Islamic ceramics have been found since the 3rd and 4th centuries. Prior to the introduction of Islam in the area, the people of the region worshiped the Bajir (or Bajar). After the spread of Islam in the region, the Umayyad Caliph of the eastern Muslim world invaded southeastern Arabia and drove out the Sassanians. The excavation of the Dubai Museum in the region of Al-Jumayra (Jumeirah) uncovered many artifacts from the Umayyad period. The first mention of Dubai in 1095 in the Geography Book by Andalusian-Arab geographer Abu Abdullah al-Bakri. Venetian pearl merchant Gasparo Balbi visited the area in 1580 and mentioned the Daily (Dibei) for its pearl industry.
The establishment of modern Dubai
Dubai is thought to have been established as a fishing village in the early 18th century and, in 1822, was a city with 700-800 members of the Bani Yas tribe and under the rule of Sheikh Tahnun bin Shakhbut of Abu Dhabi. In 1833, following a national conflict, members of the Al Bu Falasah tribe left Abu Dhabi and settled in Dubai. The migration to Abu Dhabi was led by Obeid bin Saeed and Maktoum bin Butti, who became joint leaders of Dubai until Ubaid’s death in 1836, leaving Maktum to establish the Maktoum dynasty. Dubai signed the 1820 Maritime Convention with the British government and other Truck countries, following a British campaign in 1819 against Ras Al Khaimah. This led to the 1853 Perpetual Maritime Truce of 1853. Dubai also – like its neighbors on the Unchallenged Coast – made a memorandum of understanding in which the United Kingdom assumed responsibility for emirate security in 1892.
The “great storm” of 1908 hit the glittering boats of Dubai and the coastal chiefs late in the latter part of that year, resulting in the loss of twelve boats and more than a hundred men. The tragedy has been a major disruption in Dubai, where many families have lost their breadwinners and vendors facing financial difficulties. This loss came at a time when the internal nations were also experiencing poverty. In a letter to the Sultan of Muscat in 1911, Butti lamented, ‘Suffering and poverty have continued among them, leading them to struggle, loot and kill among themselves. In 1910, in the city of Hyacinth, the city was bombed by HMS Hyacinth, killing 37 people.
Dubai has a rich collection of buildings and structures of various architectural styles. Many modern translations of Islamic architecture can be found here, thanks to the architecture and architecture of the Arab World, and Dubai in particular, not only supported by the Arab or international architectural firms such as Al Hashemi and Aedas, but also by the top architecture of New York and Chicago .  As a result of this growth, modern Islamic – and secular – buildings have literally taken on new dimensions in the construction of large buildings and technology. Dubai now has larger buildings completed or completed more than 2⁄3 km (2,200 ft), 1⁄3 km (1,100 ft), or 1⁄4 km (820 ft) than any other city. The peak point was reached in 2010 with the completion of the Burj Khalifa (Khalifa Tower), now the world’s tallest building at 829.8 meters (2,722 ft). The Burj Khalifa design is based on a parallel design incorporated into Islamic architecture, with three-dimensional drawings of the building based on a retrospective version of the Dubai-based desert flower hymenocallis.
The completion of the Khalifa Tower, following the explosion of construction that began in the 1980s, accelerated in the 1990s, and accelerated construction during the decade of the 2000s, leaving Dubai at the highest rate in the world since 4 January 2010. Above, Burj Khalifa, the second highest point in the world behind the Shanghai Exterior Tower is one of the tourist attractions in Dubai, with more than 1.87 million visitors in 2013.
The culture of the UAE mainly revolves around traditional Arab culture. The influence of Arab and Islamic culture on its composition, music, costume, food, and lifestyle has also been prominent. Five times a day, Muslims are called to a prayer service from mosque minarets scattered across the country. Since 2006, the weekend has been Friday and Saturday, as is the agreement between Holy Friday for Muslims and the Western weekend for Saturday and Sunday. Prior to 2006, the weekend was Thursday-Friday. As a result of Dubai’s multicultural tourism industry and high standard of living, Dubai’s culture has gradually evolved into a luxury, splendor, and luxury with great respect for leisure-related entertainment. Annual entertainment events such as the Dubai Shopping Festival (DSF) and the Dubai Summer Surprises (DSS) attract more than 4 million visitors from across the region and generate over $ 2.7 billion.