The Emirate of Fujairah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates. The only seven coastal communities in the Gulf of Oman and none other than the Persian Gulf, whose capital is Fujairah.
The Emirate of Fujairah, ruled by the Sharqiyin tribe, lies at the mouth of an important trade route, Wadi Ham (guarded by Sharqiyin Al Bithnah Fort), which crosses the mountains into the Persian Gulf Coast. Known as Shamaliyah, the east coast of what is now the UAE was under Muscat until 1850, when it was connected by Al Qasimi of Sharjah, in an agreement reached between Sheikh Sultan bin Saqr Al Qasimi and the Sultan of Muscat. Shamaliyah was ruled by Al-Qasimi Wali in Kalba although it was often divided and in 1901 Sheikh Hamad bin Abdullah Al Sharqi, king of Sharqiyin, proclaimed independence to Sharjah. This was admired by many Truck and Muscat kings, but not the British, who were often offended by the independent Emperor. By this time, the Emirate of Fujairah had about 150 houses and 3,000 palm fronds, and its people subsisted mainly by farming and pearls. Since Kalba was assassinated by Sharjah in 1952, Shamyayayayah was occupied by the explorers of Fujairah and Sharjah. In 1952, the Emirate of Fujairah entered into a treaty agreement with Britain, becoming the last emirates to join the Corrupt States. After holding this known status for more than fifty years, the British government has only given it because oil exploration company Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) needs to sign an agreement with a reputable governor. On December 2, 1971, the Emirate of Fujairah joined the United Arab Emirates.
Archaeological finds at the Emirate of Fujairah point to a history of human settlement and trade links dating back to at least 4,000 years, and Wadi Suq (2,000 to 1,300 BCE) was buried in Bithnah and Qidfa ‘Oasis. The third tower of the millennium BCE was used to build the Portuguese fort at Bididih, identified by the Portuguese ‘Libedia’, a fortress mapped in the Res Resende map of 1646 – the castle itself being a carbon of 1450-1670. The Emirate of Fujairah is also rich in past Islamic fortresses, and is home to the oldest Muslim church used in the United Arab Emirates, the Al Badiyah Mosque, built in 1446 with mud and bricks. It is similar to other Muslims found in Yemen, eastern Oman and Qatar. The Al Bidyah Mosque has four houses (unlike other similar temples between seven and two) and has no minaret.
The Emirate of Fujairah covers about 1,166 km2 (450 sq mi), or about 1.5% of the UAE area, and is the fifth largest state in the UAE. The weather is seasonal, although it is warm almost all year round. The months of December to March are usually the cooler, with daytime temperatures between 25 ° C (77 ° F) and rarely more than 30 ° C (86 ° F) —the temperature rises above 40 ° C (104 ° F) F) summer degrees. The winter season also coincides with the rainy season and although uncertain, the Emirate of Fujairah sees the abundance of its rainfall. Rainfall is the highest in the UAE, in part because of the impact of the mountains surrounding the Emirate, and in part because of the prevailing winds that bring east to the water-filled clouds of the warm Indian Ocean. The climate change on the east coast is partly due to the presence of the Hajar mountains. Like other mountainous areas, the rainfall is high, and this allows for a small variety of ecosystems in the area. Tourist numbers are rising just before the summer months of school.
Fujairah’s economic emirate is based on the support and examples of the provincial government distributed by the Abu Dhabi government (power seat in the UAE). Local industries include cement, quarrying, and mining. The resurgence of construction work has helped the local industry. There is a free trade area, which mimics the success of the Dubai Free Zone Authority established near Jebel Ali Port. The provincial government employs most of the indigenous, local workers, with a few businesses of their own. Many locals work in the service sector. The Emirate government of Fujairah prohibits foreigners from owning more than 49% of businesses. Free areas are thriving, in part because of the relaxation of such restrictions within the regions, as ownership of full lands is allowed there. Shaikh Saleh Al Sharqi, the emperor’s younger brother, is widely known as the driving force behind economic trade.
The Emirate of Fujairah is a small reservoir with large daily shipping operations. Shipping and shipping services for thriving businesses in the city. Due to the business-friendly environment and easy material support, ships trading from the Persian Gulf center here to get arrangements, underground housing, repairs, and technical support, spaces, and stores before continuing the long voyage. The city is also well suited to the area itself for the activities of shipping. The government of The Emirate of Fujairah is a major shareholder in the National Bank of Fujairah, the UAE’s domestic bank. Established in 1982, the National Bank of Fujairah (NBF) operates in corporate and commercial areas, commercial finance and treasury. The NBF has also expanded its portfolio to include personal banking options and Shariah-related services. The NBF supports industries ranging from oil and service delivery, manufacturing, construction, education and health care.
The governor plans to make changes that will affect the Emirate of Fujairah. Among the tourism projects is an $ 817m entertainment venue, Al-Fujairah Paradise, near Dibba Al-Fujairah, on the northern border of Omani, near Le Meridien Al Aqah Beach Resort. There will be 1,000 five-star homes and hotels, and all construction work is expected to be completed within two years. Sheikh is trying to improve the opportunities of local workers, by trying to attract businesses to get the Emirate of Fujairah and transfer Federal funds to local companies in the form of development projects. Habshan – Fujairah oil pipeline opened in 2012.